Tips on Shrubs Pruning When homeowners say they are planning on pruning their shrubs, they often mean they are going to ‘shear’ their shrubs. Although ‘shearing’ has its usefulness in landscaping, it’s typically done for aesthetic reasons and infrequently ends in a wholesome plant. Pruning on the other hand, if done accurately, makes the plant more healthy and shaped true to its natural shape. Good pruning consistently results in the more vigorous plant that is healthier. The right pruning also leaves the shrub in its authentic form, not shaped into something it is not. Any pruning should begin with the removal of any dead or crossing branches. Crossing branches are branches that grow crossing the inside of the shrub or inward toward towards it. These are of no use and will inhibit the growth of branches that are desired by shading the interior of the plant. Once the dead and crossing branches are removed, you’ll need to determine which type of pruning the shrub needs: rejuvenation or maintenance pruning.
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Maintenance pruning is simply required several times a year and requires only removing unwanted branches to maintain a natural shape. Search for long branches that appear out of place. Reach to the middle of the plant when removing and discover the point of natural branching. That is the location you need to make the cut.
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The cut should be in a manner that allows water to run off. Make the cut a quarter inch above the bud node. The bud node is where new development will start, so select a node pointing in the direction of the desired development. Settling upon a node pointed toward the middle of the plant can lead to a branch that is crossing. Rejuvenation pruning ought to be reserved for mature plants. As plants age, main branches or stems lose their vigor and start to become unproductive. Rejuvenation pruning means exactly what it says, it rejuvenates old plants by returning them to their previous energy and shape. There are two ways to try it; one extreme and the other less extreme. Occasionally called renewal pruning, this severe pruning includes cutting the plant totally back to a height of between 6 to 12 inches. It is unsuitable for some shrubs, so check with your local greenhouse, extension agent or do your individual research before cutting since this could be very difficult on a plant. As the plant will be needing time to recover, timing can be crucial with this type of pruning. If the plant continues to be pretty vigorous, in the event the shrub cannot handle a radical cutback or in the event you intend to rejuvenate the shrub but nevertheless maintain its form, you’re able to do a long-term drastic rejuvenation. Adhering to these simple techniques will keep your shrubs healthy, vigorous and, if flowering shrubs, covered in flowers at all times.