Tshwane University Of Technology

Optimistic assumptions are made by proponents of ideologies similar to transhumanism and singularitarianism, which view technological development as typically having helpful results for the society and the human situation. Human’s technological ascent started in earnest in what is called the Neolithic Period (“New Stone Age”). The invention of polished stone axes was a significant advance that allowed forest clearance on a big scale to create farms. This use of polished stone axes increased significantly in the Neolithic, but have been initially used in the preceding Mesolithic in some areas such as Ireland.

Technology took another step in a second industrial revolution (c. The earliest recognized use of wind power is the sailing ship; the earliest record of a ship beneath sail is that of a Nile boat courting to the 8th-millennium BCE. From prehistoric instances, Egyptians most likely used the power of the annual flooding of the Nile to irrigate their lands, steadily learning to manage much of it through purposely built irrigation channels and “catch” basins. The historical Sumerians in Mesopotamia used a complex Software system of canals and levees to divert water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers for irrigation. Continuing enhancements led to the furnace and bellows and supplied, for the first time, the power to smelt and forge gold, copper, silver, and lead – native metals present in relatively pure form in nature. The benefits of copper tools over stone, bone, and wood instruments have been rapidly obvious to early humans, and native copper was in all probability used from near the start of Neolithic times .

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